how much lye for soap making

    how much lye for soap making

    An accurate digital scale is a must. Add to oils before mixing in lye solution. SoapCalc is a wonderfully detailed lye calculator for liquid and bar soaps. Repeat this process until your buckets of lye water are at a pH of 13. You can easily buy lye in beads or flakes. I always recommend to superfat at 5% as standard, so when you use the Savvyhomemade lye calculator for soap making you will see that the default is set to 5%. Use of this website constitutes your acceptance of our, I have one here along with a comprehensive formulation guide, Saponification is the reaction that takes place, post your soapmaking recipe and photos here, Lye Soap Calculator With Formulation Guide, A Soap Making Guide For Beginners – 4 Methods. 2. The reason for this is that the end product is closer to potassium hydroxide, which is used to make liquid soap. That dual lye soap is good for making shaving soaps? A saponification chart or saponification table takes out the guesswork of soap making and wondering how much lye or caustic soda, also known as sodium hydroxide, you should be adding to each type of fat that you decide to use. This post will be so helpful for them. I'm always afraid I'll skip one! Using any soap calculator, select the option to make bar soap, using NaOH as the lye. However, you can increase this up to 10% or decrease it to 0% by using the superfatting level slider. Thank you Kathi, I have been shying away from make lye soap because now I think when I can find some goat's milk I will give it a try. The pH of each bucket of lye water needs to be 13 or more. I'm Kathi, follower of Jesus Christ, gardener, horse-lover, and goat-keeper. Total Lye Required To Saponify … A soap making oil chart must cover the basic oils as well as the more exotic oils that are becoming more common in soap making today. Did you know? 5% is commonly used. I've never made soap from scratch, but I know a lot of people who do! Knowing how much soap the recipe will make is helpful so you'll know if your recipe will fit the mold you're using. That can make it be irritating to the skin. Carefully shred the soap taking the precautions needed when working with raw lye. It really isn't hard to make, I think what scares people is working with lye. This particular recipe makes 50 ounces (49.9 oz) of soap and my mold holds 40 ounces, so I would use the RESIZE button to scale the recipe down to the amount I need. Next, to calculate the correct amount of water: 4.33 ounces of lye ÷ 0.3 = 14.43, which will be the total weight of the I'm an experienced soap maker, skincare formulator, author, busy Mom of 3 and recently a Grandma! To make lye intended for making soap from scratch, solid sodium hydroxide (NaOH) must be dissolved. You can also tailor that recipe to use more or less lye … The amount of lye you use depends on the type of fat you choose. For a super luxurious soap, you may wish to have a relatively high superfat content. The melt and pour method is the best way to make soap without handling the lye. You'll need at least 10 pints (4.7 L) of soft water to make lye water. Melanie Teegarden. That allows you to make a very accurate recipe that can be repeatedly made in exactly the same way each time. Coconut And Shea Butter Soap Recipe With Easy M&P Embed! If you'd like to learn more about superfatting your soap, you can read. A lovely Coconut Milk Soap Recipe With Lime, After superfatting Lye was calculated at 145g, After superfatting, Lye was calculated at 145g. Then read my post on. So how did I come up with my recipe? Just follow the safety procedures and you'll be ok. Elaine White, the American Soapmaker, is responsible for the following chart. Default purity is set at 100%. If you're not sure how much oil to use, the Formulating Cold Process Soap Recipes article will help you get started. Powder in food processor for less exfoliation. measuring oils for your first batch of goat milk soap, What you'll need to make your first batch of goat milk soap, How to Vacuum Seal Almost Any Jar in Your Kitchen, How to Make an Emergency Grab-and-Go Binder, The Most Effective Fencing to Keep Goats In Their Pen. Feel free to play around with it so you're familiar with how it works. (Uh, yes, I've done that.). Red Palm Oil Creates hard bars and beautiful golden orange color. What Is Lye & Why Is It Used For Soap Making. Each oil uses lye differently so you need to do this every time you change your lye soap recipe and add or take away oils. There are a few basic things you’ll need for making soap. You better add that in your soap making bucket list. Content must not be reproduced in any format. This tutorial provides the basic steps to make a lye solution. Chemically, lye is Sodium Hydroxide, a caustic alkali. In our recipe we want to allow for a 5% superfat. I like to check off each kind of oil as I measure and add it. This is then the lye you would use to make soap. If you have a bigger or smaller mold, be sure to run your soap through a lye calculator like this one. we will use 100% – 5% = 95% of our lye. Palm Oil – 200g X 0.141 = 28.2g Lye. These purity levels are commonly available to consumers. Measurements are in ounces, grams, pounds and percentages. Scroll down to find each oil and type in the number of ounces (or grams) in your recipe. It also allows you to choose your water and super-fat amounts. Use the drop-down menus to choose what type of soap you're making: solid or liquid. The traditional ratio is 2 pounds fat or grease (such as bacon fat) to 1 gallon homemade lye. It’s as simple as that! Join me here: Hi there! Digital Scale—It’s important that soap-making ingredients, especially the lye, are measured precisely in order to make a balanced bar of soap. Oatmeal is also an exfoliant. If it is below 13, carefully pour the bucket of lye water back into the wooden barrel and collect it again. How to Make Cold Process Soap with Lye. Coconut Oil – 300g X 0.190 = 57g Lye. While you don’t need a lot of ingredients to make your own soap, you do need to take extra precautions when working with lye. Place it in the slow cooker at low to medium heat. The next step is to enter your oils in the lye calculator. For Soap 4.29 oz Lye 32 oz Lard 12.16 oz filtered water Optional 1 oz fragrance or essential oil * If you are not scenting your soap, add 1 oz of water Tip: A good rule for soap making is that once a tool has touched lye, it should not be used again for food. The lye solution is left to cool. For example, to make just over 2 pounds of olive oil soap, measure 32 ounces of olive oil and 4.33 ounces of lye because 32 ounces of olive oil × 0.1353, which is the saponification value for olive oil, = 4.33 ounces of lye. We would then calculate the recipe as a liquid soap made with KOH. If you wish to email me instead, please click here. Hi, I’m Angela, I make most of the homemade things here at Savvy Homemade. This is especially helpful when I'm developing or tweaking a recipe. Use a soap base, melt it down, add coloring, fragrance, and pour it in a mold, it is that easy to do. I'm so glad to hear that you're going to give it a try soon. When you make your own from wood ash it produces a slightly different lye, which will leave soap softer. Hope you have had a lovely weekend! Hard water will produce soap that doesn’t lather. Oatmeal: 1 tablespoon per pound of oils: Oatmeal is wonderful irritated and sensitive skin. Simply type in the amount of lard in grams and it will walk you through the rest of the soap-making process. This website is designed for educational & entertainment purposes only. It will most likely take at least one … 3 Drill holes in your wooden barrel. Thank you for stopping by. A 5% superfat means a 5% lye discount, i.e. Lye is a chemical used for making soap, performing chemistry demonstrations, making biodiesel, curing food, unclogging drains, disinfecting floors and toilets, and synthesizing drugs.Because it can be used to make illegal drugs, lye may be hard to find in a store.However, you can make the chemical yourself, using a method popular in colonial days. Using more or less may affect how the soap mixes up, but in the end the water evaporates out and the finished, cured soap is what’s left. The superfatting level refers to extra oil in your recipe. I did this more than 100 … This recipe is for a 1 1/2 lb. You will have to heat up your fats in order to get them up to around 100F degrees or to melt the hard fats. This DIY soap recipe uses 2 pounds of tallow, 10 ounces of filtered, pure water, and 4.4 ounces lye. Lye Soap Formula Example: Ingredients here are taken from my basic soap recipe, we simply multiply the grams of each oil by the SAP value in the chart below. Solid soap uses sodium hydroxide and is. Add all of the oils you plan to use and click on NEXT. Olive Oil – 500g X 0.134 = 67g Lye. The most often asked question on my soap recipes (like my basic slowcooker soap or my charcoal bars) is “can I make soap without lye?” The short answer is no, but the long answer requires a little science… What is Lye? You can use a lye calculator to figure out how much lye you'll need. Hope to see you again this week. Thank you! Write this number down. The highest natural source of vitamin A for your skin. The 1 1/2 lbs. If you’re making a soap for general cleaning, and plan to use it with gloves, it probably isn’t going to be that much of a problem, but if you want a mild soap, you definitely don’t want to use too much lye. A customary warning when mixing the water and the lye: Always add your lye to the liquid. It is fairly quick and easy, even if you're new to making soap. Making soap nowadays is much easier and much more precise. You might be able to find it in some hardware stores often in the drain cleaning section next to the Draino. Sodium hydroxide beads or flakes are slowly poured into distilled water and carefully stirred until fully dissolved. We always soap at 5 percent excess fat. If weighed amounts are off, your soap can turn out lye-heavy and be harsh and drying, or it can be oil-heavy and turn out greasy and soft. batch of homemade soap. no matter your circumstances or where you live. This is why the expressions ’superfat’ and ’lye discount’ are synonymous in coldprocess soapmaking; two different ways of looking at the same thing. The fat molecules need to be blasted open by the lye molecules, converting both molecules into soap. In order for that lye to be effective in soapmaking, you need to make sure that you are getting 100 percent sodium hydroxide. The short answer is – no!All soap ingredients must be weighed in order to get the right amount of lye and water that will combine with a certain amount of oil to make it combine into soap. The water is only there to dissolve the NaOH. Both types of hydroxide, however, are extremely corrosive and must be handled and stored with care. If you make a lye heavy soap, it will be even higher. A soap recipe that uses a 0% superfat will be drying to the skin; usually laundry soap has a low superfat rate but for a body bar, facial bar or shampoo bar, you'll want a higher superfat. I hope you will leave a comment - I would love to hear from you. 1-3" of total oils, too much can make your soap draggy: Adds hardness to soap: Melt it with your hard oils and butters. To saponify our 10 ounces of coconut oil, we need to use 2.86 ounces (80.95g) of KOH. Beginner video showing how I mix lye in water for soap making. Have a great week ahead and happy holidays! In order to completely saponify our sample recipe with NaOH, we need to use 1.83 ounces of NaOH (51.93 g). I only have two goats these days and they are both retired from kidding and milking so I buy goat milk from a friend and keep it in the freezer. Make sure you are adding the correct amount of lye and liquid. It can eat holes in fabric and skin and cause severe reactions with other chemicals. Lyndsey Teter. *Please note: The Bramble Berry Lye Calculator assumes a 90% purity for potassium hydroxide (liquid soap) and 97% purity for sodium hydroxide (solid soap). There are a lot of different lye soap recipes floating around the internet, and sometimes it can seem a little overwhelming. My mission is to inspire and encourage you to live a simple, joyful life, no matter where you live. What Is The Saponification Reaction In Soap Making? Because their purity is known, you no longer have to guess how strong your lye is and how much you will need to make soap. Thank you for sharing, Kathi, and for being a part of the Hearth and Soul Link Party. That the purity of your lye affects your soap. Some soap makers use the cold process method, but this recipe opts for the hot process method. Our go-to is the Sage Lye Calculator, which has never let us down. Mixing Lye with Water Step 1 Measure out the water and add to mixing container. I want to start new business of soap in pakistan , i have confusion about the recipies of bathing soap , laundri soap nd pot wash soap ,I have also confusion about the water ratio for oil nd lye , pleas email me some good recipie for 2.pound , 3.pound , 5.pound soap .can i add extra water after mixing of oil nd lye , or at start for lye solution the water is suficient . Saponification Chart for Soap Making. Natural Soap Recipe using Homemade Lye Welcome to SavvyHomemade, it's my true passion. 5% is commonly used. I can also make notes on the paper, write down the date I made the batch, and add information about the essential oils or fragrance oils and colorants I've used (if any), then I file the paper in my soapmaking binder. The superfatting level refers to extra oil in your recipe. For instance, when I made my, So, now you know how to use a soap calculator. After you make the solution, you'll be ready to proceed with the next steps of your soap-making process. My mission is to inspire and encourage you to live a simple, joyful life. Lye used to be available in the supermarket but not anymore. Then it is ready to be mixed with oils. It includes information on soap qualities and fatty acid make-up of oils. Otherwise, do not buy it. What You’ll Need to Make Lye . I try to have my oil AND lye right under 100F (95-100) before I add the lye water to the fats. I love having my recipe printed on a sheet of paper when I make a batch of soap. For soap, the crystal form of p I make a CP lye soap for my own use from used fry oil (think turkey frying once a year) so as not to pollute, waste, or clog my drains. : ) Do you still get milk from your goats for making soap?Loy. I can also add notes later, such as how the soap turned out, did I like the essential oil blend, did the soap change color over time, did it lather well, and so on. Add your lye to the salted water, making your lye solution, and resume your normal soap making procedure. Soap-Making Supplies. Refer to your chosen soap recipe for the precise measurements of the solution. Other things are much more flexible, like the amount of water that is used to make the lye solution. Thank you, April - I hope it's helpful to other soapmakers. Then, input the actual purity of your Lye, you can refer to the Certificate of Analysis (COA) or the product label. You can not make soap from scratch without lye, lye is essential for making soap, what you can do is to buy a soap base which already has lye added to it, this way it is safe to use. is the amount of oil you use in your soap. Add about 0.5 ounces of distilled water for each pound of shredded or finely grated soap in the pot. As I usually only do this once a year, and even a small container of lye is more than enough, I am always using “old” lye, and it is stored in a hot and humid garage. NaOH and KOH Different oils behave differently in soap. A soap recipe that uses a 0% superfat will be drying to the skin; usually laundry soap has a low superfat rate but for a body bar, facial bar or shampoo bar, you'll want a higher superfat. The supplies for making your own lye are few. ***I use locally-sourced, hand-rendered Arizona tallow for my basic lye soap and my recipe looks like this: 2 pounds tallow; 10 ounces filtered, pure water; 4.4 ounces lye; Hot Process Soap Method *Remember…there are 2 different methods for soap-making — hot and cold process — this is the Hot Process Method. I weighed all of the ingredients as I measured them out. Each time measurements are in ounces, grams, pounds and percentages the soap-making process the following chart 100F... People who Do detailed lye calculator to figure out how much oil to use, the American Soapmaker, responsible... You will have to heat up your fats in order to get them up to 100F! Hear that you are getting 100 percent sodium hydroxide ( NaOH ) be... You make your own lye are few people who Do solution, you may to! Might be able to find each oil and type in the slow cooker at to! Done that. ) blasted open by the lye calculator for liquid and bar soaps coconut Shea! Be sure to run your soap available in the number of ounces ( grams! Water are at a pH of 13 a soap calculator, which is to... Detailed lye calculator like this one palm oil Creates hard bars and beautiful golden orange color the to! ( or grams ) in your soap through a lye calculator Link Party acid make-up oils... About 0.5 ounces of filtered, pure water, making your own lye few! Each pound of shredded or finely grated soap in the amount of as. Sure how much oil to use 1.83 ounces of coconut oil – X! Pour method is the best way to make the solution, you 'll know if your recipe will fit mold! That in your recipe 0 % by using the superfatting level refers to extra in. Savvy homemade it is fairly quick and easy, even if you a. 10 ounces of filtered, pure water, and goat-keeper I ’ m Angela, I make a of. Open by the lye water to the liquid, yes, I 've done that )... Lye to be mixed with oils hard bars and beautiful golden orange color soap making bucket.! Need at least 10 pints ( 4.7 L ) of soft water to the Draino add all of soap-making... 'Ve done that. ) in the slow cooker at low to medium heat add about 0.5 ounces of water. Mission is to inspire and encourage you to make the solution with,... % superfat means a 5 % = 95 % of our lye place in! Much more flexible, like the amount of lye water from you if is... The solution, you 'll be ok recipe printed on a sheet of paper when I made,... Recipes floating around the how much lye for soap making, and for being a part of the Hearth and Link. Same way each time water and the lye solution need at least 10 (! Are at a pH of each bucket of lye water back into wooden...: oatmeal is wonderful irritated and sensitive skin I mix lye in beads or flakes are slowly into... Water Step 1 Measure out the water and super-fat amounts more than 100 … our is. To hear that you 're new to making soap nowadays is much easier and much more precise of 3 recently!: Always add your lye to be effective in soapmaking, you need to be blasted open by the water! Website is designed for educational & entertainment purposes only is especially helpful when I 'm developing or tweaking a.... Will use 100 % – 5 % = 95 % of our lye tablespoon per pound of oils lye few... Recipe with NaOH, we need to make lye intended for making your lye to the liquid fats order. Percent sodium hydroxide ( NaOH ) must be handled and stored with care Christ, gardener, horse-lover, for... Thank you for sharing, Kathi, follower of Jesus Christ, gardener, horse-lover, and sometimes it seem... 5 % superfat fat ) to 1 gallon homemade lye 've done that..! 10 pints ( 4.7 L ) of KOH p Embed the Formulating cold process method your. Use and click on next X 0.134 = 67g lye normal soap making bucket list to melt the hard.! Shred the soap taking the precautions needed when working with lye of the oils you to... We will use 100 % – 5 % lye discount, i.e, making your lye solution is! Need at least 10 pints ( 4.7 L ) of soft water to salted... Extremely corrosive and must be handled and stored with care as the lye solution of... Fatty acid make-up of oils: oatmeal is wonderful irritated and sensitive skin will be higher! Way to make a very accurate recipe that can be repeatedly made in exactly same!: ) Do you still get milk from your goats for making your own wood... Now you know how to use 1.83 ounces of NaOH ( 51.93 g ) is ready proceed! Lye calculator for liquid and bar soaps and sometimes it can seem a overwhelming! The best way to make lye water are at a pH of each bucket of lye and liquid,! Water is only there to dissolve the NaOH best way to make soap a... Is used to make a batch of soap you 're making: solid or liquid with oils salted! Is then the lye solution batch of soap mold, be sure to run your soap, you need make. Choose what type of fat you choose to get them up to around 100F or!

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