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    Students built this Torii gate in the Crum Meadow as a project for Professor Mark Wallace’s course Religion, the Environment, and Contemplative Practice.. by Mark Wallace. That means studying indigenous African religions and applying the lessons that speak to you. The study’s religious demography helps one to understand the role of religion in different communities and in African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religions of the African people. The pages of the scriptures of religions such as Judaism, Christianity and Islam are full of messages on salvation. This belief, just as in the case of the previous one, has a theological basis – the plurality of divinities ( polytheism ). Religion 20 [1990] contains some articles on the study of African Religions that are worth reading. The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. Requirements Students are required to take courses in method and theory in the Study of Religion. The fact that the study of African Tradition and Culture is today becoming very important in Africa, is self evident of the attempt to protect African values and thought patterns. It is possible for you to develop your spirituality without religion. The culture of a people is what marks them out distinctively from other human . Furthermore, in the ‘authentic African world’, how the African feels about the things around him must be related to his ideological formation within various contexts. In other words it is a fair and full study of all religions” (Whaling, 2006, “Theory and methods in religious studies: Nineteen (19) chapters in African Religion part I (bound lecturers prepared for the Faculty of External Studies, Department of Education, University of Nairobi, ready for publication Eighteen (18) chapters in A Comparative Study of Religions, ed, J.N.K. However, African Traditional Religion is very essential in that it is universal, unifies and disunites and diverse in nature. The full study of culture in all its vastness and Africa, the place of origin of all humankind, is divided into numerous political and cultural regions, reflecting its diverse range of histories, ethnicities, languages, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. African Anthropologies: History, Critique and Practice. In fact, the thrust of their messages is salvation 1 His book, African Religions and Philosophy (London: Heinemann Educational Books, 1980), is a small compendium on the meaning of life in traditional and modern African society. societies in the family of humanity. This study takes the concept of ubuntu, which means humanness and applies it to healthcare issues in general, and women's health, in particular. Schumaker, Lyn. That is why African Christianity, re-exported to the colonial metropolis by post-colonial migrants, is so different from any British religious institution – as witness the numerous Caribbean Pentecostal Churches, Nigerian ‘Aladura’ Churches or branches of the Zimbabwe Assemblies of God Africa in Britain and Ghanaian Pentecostal churches in It is important to acknowledge local circumstances and community expectations and to involve parents in decision making. Side by side with their high levels of commitment to Christianity and Islam, many people in the countries surveyed retain beliefs and rituals that are characteristic of traditional African religions. Traditional African approaches in the light of natural values, and of modern secular attitude If we are going to speak of traditional African concepts and customs regarding marriage and the family, a few clarifications are called for. It is a philosophy or way of life that finds its roots and meaning in humanity. FOUNDED: 200,000–100,000 b.c.e. The traditional approach of indigenous African religions to gender is one of complementarity in which a confluence of male and female forces must operate in harmony. Political culture is the traditional orientation of the citizens of a nation toward politics, affecting their perceptions of political legitimacy. Such struggles were political through and through, and it is impossible to discern any common core or essence to all the world religions, as W. C. Smith pointed out in 1962. (African Religions and Philosophy 29). This community is made up of people who remember and share the same traditions. - Twi Mmebusem – Twi proverbs INTRODUCTION. Study African Religions. ... An African American Christian feminist liberation theology reflecting Black women's social, religious, and cultural experiences ... Why is it important to contextualize the study of women and religion? Ghanaian population (Okrah, 2003). In traditional African religion the community is the most important part of someone's life. But to do so, you must take responsibility for your own education and growth. Ubuntu is based on the reality of interdependence and relatedness. 5. conversions of the indigenous people, mainly, from African Traditional Religion (ATR) to the two mission religions. Islam, Christianity and new religions in Africa. The religious beliefs, practices and the provision of social services of these immigrant religions have impacted on the religious and cultural life of the traditional communities. The "female-only" spaces provided by traditional religions' potentially a source of power; sharing and integrity for women. In addition to study of Christianity, decisions have to be made about which world religions will be selected for study to develop depth of understanding. Why is religion important in life, in the society, and in our country? Religion is human experience found … A qualitative study involving four traditional chiefs, two queen mothers, two clan heads and two heads of households were conducted in Ghana while four chiefs, two traditional healers and two heads of household were interviewed … ( Mehran Kamrava, 1995) Political culture is a distinctive and patterned form of political philosophy that consists of beliefs on how governmental, political, and economic life should be The Spirit of Ancestors in African Traditional Religion How the spirits of ancestors can be a blessing or harmful and The Power and importance of ancestors in African traditional society Ancestors in African Traditional religion are very important in that they were once alive and now they are … Rosalind J. Hackett as a guest-editor has been responsible for those pages. The African diasporas, the Trans-Atlantic, and contemporary studies of African migration and migrant experiences. The study demography assists, from a quantitative perspective, to describe the characteristics, composition and changes within a population (Holdsworth et al. It is a global framework of life, encompassing every human situation and governing the whole of society. Chapter 1 in the student book notes the importance of empathy in the study of world religions. Mbiti regards African Traditional Religion(s) (ATR(s)) as monotheism and as a praeparatio evangelica, and maintains that the Christian God is the same as the God worshipped in ATR(s). Sources of Information: Atrophy C.A. The individual only exists within the community and separation from it is sometimes worse than death. In four countries, for instance, half or more of the population believes that sacrifices to ancestors or spirits can protect them from harm. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. The African Traditional Religious view on religion is not an influence from Christianity, but rather enrichment to it. Most religions lay out ideals for marriage, including beliefs against divorce and adultery and responsibilities for the man and woman. African indigenous worldviews, ritual forms, cosmologies, and religious imaginaries. With this in mind, there are a few important characteristics of most African religions that we can discuss. perspective, to position themselves within the South African context. E-mail Citation » This volume contains thirteen essays by both African and Euro-American anthropologists considering aspects of anthropology in the past, present—and speculating on its future on the continent of Africa. London: Zed Books, 2006. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religion of the African people. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society and so on .because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. In this way, African culture and values can be revaluated, their relevance established and sustained in order to give credence to authentic African identity. 2013:8). Thus in principle it is the study of all religions from a viewpoint not isolated within any one of them. Comparing religions is therefore a difficult task, and it demands attention to certain methodological issues. 1. • Many varieties of religions developed by Africans in the Americas that are derived from African beliefs but include elements of Christianity, including Yoruba, Santería, Candomblé, Vodoun, and Oyotunji. African religions, religious beliefs and practices of the peoples of Africa.It should be noted that any attempt to generalize about the nature of “African religions” risks wrongly implying that there is homogeneity among all African cultures.In fact, Africa is a vast continent encompassing both geographic variation and tremendous cultural diversity. Why Study Religion. The first is that the context of this article is sub-Sahara Africa. • African traditional religions, which cover the various religious practices in Africa before the arrival of Islam and Christianity. Empathy is especially important when comparing religions across cultures, and not … African Traditional Religions. It is also important to avoid superficial coverage of Traditional African religion, aside from the disconcerting diversity of its actual forms of expression, is in reality much more than (those) in the west mean by the term «religion». This means that for one to understand the concept of God – the Supreme Being in African, he has to study carefully the entirety of the culture of the people. cultural differences. We must study West African traditional religion in order to discover its abiding values in a world whose moral and intellectual inadequacies are self-evident, and to apprehend the truth which it represents. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. RELIGION AS A PERCENTAGE OF WORLD POPULATION: 1.3 percent OVERVIEW. Families are an integral part of a society, with families being an important part of reproduction, which helps to sustain specific cultures and races within a society. This agrees with what Mbiti said, “One should not, therefore, expect long dissertations about God. Why is it important to study the world's religions in the college and university curriculum? 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